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Thoothukudi Port

                Thoothukudi has been a centre for maritime trade and Pearl fishery for more than a century.  The natural harbour with a rich hinterland, activated the development of the Port, initially with wooden piers and iron screw pier and connections to the railways.  Thoothukudi was declared as a minor anchorage port in 1868.  Since then there have been various development over the years.

                Thoothukudi became the citadel of the freedom struggle in the early 20th century.  In 1906, one of the greatest freedom fighters of India, Mr. V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, launched the first swadeshi ship  "S.S. Gaelia" in British India.

                    After Independence, the minor Port of Thoothukudi witnessed a flourishing trade and handled a variety of cargo meant for the neighbouring countries of Sri Lanka, Maldives etc. and the coastal regions of India.

                     To cope with the increasing trade through Thoothukudi, the Government of India sanctioned the construction of an all-weather Port at Thoothukudi.  On July 11, 1974 the newly constructed Thoothukudi  Port was declared as the 10th Major Port on 1st April 1979, the erstwhile Thoothukudi minor Port and the newly constructed Thoothukudi major Port were merged and the Thoothukudi Port Trust was constituted under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.

Construction Details:

                     Thoothukudi Port is an artificial deep-sea harbour formed with rubble mound type parallel breakwaters projecting into the sea for about 4 Km. (Length of North breakwater is 4098.66 m, length of South breakwater is 3873.37 m and the distance between the breakwaters is 1275m).  The Port was designed and executed entirely through indigenous efforts.  The harbour basin extends to about 400 hectares of protected water area and is served by an approach channel of 1,450 metres length and 183 metres width.

Important Milestones:

                     It is now 25 years since Thoothukudi Port was declared as  a Major Port.  In these 25 years it has crossed many milestones.

                      The important milestones in the development of Thoothukudi are given bellow:


  1. Strategically located very close to the East - West International Sea-route.
  2. Well connected by broad gauge rail & road with all Major cities and all ICDs.
  3. Commissioning of Berth No. 7 by the Port of Singapore Authority as a Container Terminal with modern equipment and State of Art Technology by the end of 1999.
  4. 35 feet draught.
  5. Adequate covered and vast open storage area.
  6. Open lands in the Port area suited for locating Port based industries.



PORT TRUST,Thoothukudi - 628 004


  (0461) 2352290 (50 lines)


  (0461) 2352301


  0434-243 Port In


 tpt[at]vsnl[dot]com, tpt3[at]tn[dot]nic[dot]in