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                 JRY was launched in April 1989 after merging the two ongoing wage employment programmes viz., National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP).  From 01-01-1996, JRY has been again restructured with Indira Awaaz Yojana (IAY) and Million wells Scheme (MWS), which were earlier sub-schemes of JRY, becoming independent and separate schemes.

                 The primary objective of JRY is to provide additional gainful wage employment during the lean agricultural season to the rural poor.  The secondary objective is to create community and social assets and strengthen rural economic infrastructure.

                   From 01-04-1999 JRY has been named as JGSY.  The JGSY is being implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme on cost sharing basis between the centre and state in the ratio of 75:25.  Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana will be dedicated entirely to the development of rural infrastructure at the village level and to be implemented by the village panchayats.  They will have the sole authority for preparation of Annual Action Plans and their implementation, including the power to execute works with the approval of the Gram Sabha.  This programme also provides for special works to be taken up for the benefit of the weaker sections of society.

The following works will be given priority

        1.   Infrastructure to SC/STs habitations.

        2.  Infrastructure support for Swarnjayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana.

        3.  Community Infrastructure for education, health and roads.

        4.   Other social, economic and physical infrastructure needed for the society/

        5.  Infrastructure required for supporting agricultural activities in the Village

There will be no sectoral earmarking of resources under JGSY, except the following: