JAWAHAR GRAM SAMRIDHI YOJANA
JRY was launched in April 1989 after merging the two ongoing wage employment programmes viz., National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP). From 01-01-1996, JRY has been again restructured with Indira Awaaz Yojana (IAY) and Million wells Scheme (MWS), which were earlier sub-schemes of JRY, becoming independent and separate schemes.
The primary objective of JRY is to provide additional gainful wage employment during the lean agricultural season to the rural poor. The secondary objective is to create community and social assets and strengthen rural economic infrastructure.
From 01-04-1999 JRY has been named as JGSY. The JGSY is being implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme on cost sharing basis between the centre and state in the ratio of 75:25. Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana will be dedicated entirely to the development of rural infrastructure at the village level and to be implemented by the village panchayats. They will have the sole authority for preparation of Annual Action Plans and their implementation, including the power to execute works with the approval of the Gram Sabha. This programme also provides for special works to be taken up for the benefit of the weaker sections of society.
The following works will be given priority
1. Infrastructure to SC/STs habitations.
2. Infrastructure support for Swarnjayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana.
3. Community Infrastructure for education, health and roads.
Other social, economic and
physical infrastructure needed for the society/
5. Infrastructure required for supporting agricultural
activities in the Village
There will be no sectoral earmarking of resources under JGSY, except the following:
1. 22.5 % of the annual allocation must be spend on individual beneficiary schemes for SC/STs for such work as indicated in Chapter V of JGSY Guidelines. Diversion of funds meant for SCs / STs to other works is not permitted.
2. 3 % of annual allocation would be utilized for creation of barrier freeinfrastructure for the disabled. In case, funds are not utilized under this head, the village panchayat may utilise the funds for other works under JGSY.
3. Village Panchayats may spend upto a maximum of 7.5 % of the funds or Rs. 7,500 whichever is less during a year on the Administration / Contingencies and for technical consultancy.
4.The Village Panchayat is permitted to spend up a maximum of 15% on maintenance of the public assets within its geographical boundary. The responsibility for maintenance of assets created under the erstwhile programme of NREP / RLEGP and JRY rest with the village panchayat.